MOS 19K—M1 Armor Crewman

Qualifications for initial award of MOS 19K, M1 Armor Crewman:

PULHES: 111121
Physical Demands Rating: very heavy
Required ASVAB Score: CO: 87
Enlistment Bonus: None
Security Clearance: None
U.S. Citizenship: Not Required
AIT Length / Location: 9 weeks at Ft Knox, Kentucky
Other Requirements

M1 Armor Crewman (MOS 19K) Description / Major Duties:

The M1 armor crewman leads, supervises, or serves as a member of M1 armor unit in offensive and defensive combat operations. In addition, serves or assists on staffs at battalion or higher level.

Duties for MOS 19K at each skill level are:

MOSC 19K1O. Assist in target detection and identification. Place turret in operation. Determines range to target. Assist in preparation of range and sketch cards. Assists in boresight, screen and zeros main gun. Load, fires, clears, and applies immediate action on machine guns. Operate tracked and wheeled vehicles over varied terrain and roadways in combat formation and armor marches. Uses and responds to oral commands and visual signals. Maintain orientation in moving vehicle. Position vehicle in firing position. Secures battle position. Secures, prepares, and stows ammunition aboard tank. Loads, unloads, clears, and performs misfire procedures on main gun. Exercise safety precautions in ammunition handling. Refuels vehicles. Prepare radio equipment for operation. Performs operator maintenance on turret, weapons, controls and communications equipment. Assist in performance of unit maintenance of turret components. Performs preventative maintenance checks and services on tank chassis and automotive components before, during and after use. Prepares DA Form 2404 and maintains vehicle equipment folder. Assist in performance of recovery operations. Prepare tank for operations under various weather conditions and for night vision operations. Assist in construction of fortification and barriers, including minefields. Assist breaching and clearing minefields and obstacles.

MOSC 19K2O. Perform primary duties as gunner and secondary duties as Tank Commander. Also performs duties shown in preceding level of skill and supervises subordinate personnel in performance of these duties. Prepares sketch and range cards. Operate main gun controls and firing controls. Adjust fire. Fires main gun. Prepares radio equipment for operation and enters net. Operate internal communication equipment. Assists tank commander in training tank crew. Prepares, files, and distributes operations maps, situation maps, and overlays. Reads and interprets maps and aerial photographs. Record information on maps, and overlays. Indicate location, strength, tactical deployment, and emplacement of friendly and enemy units. Mark vehicle routes on maps and overlays. Reproduces, distributes, file operations orders and plans. Inspect tank turret and automotive components for malfunctions. Assist in the performance of unit maintenance of automotive components. Assist in maintaining the gunnery proficiency of subordinate gunners and loaders. Supervises ammunition resupply operations to include request, receipt, storage, inspection, and issue of ammunition within armor units.

MOSC 19K3O. Perform duties as tank commander. Direct deployment of personnel, and tank in combat operations and training exercises. Evaluate terrain and selected routes, areas and firing positions. Identifies and selects targets. Issues fire commands. Direct fire of tank weapons. Supervises training of tank crew. Conducts battle drills. Requests, observes, and adjusts supporting fire. Responds to direction from platoon leader. Coordinate action of tank with platoon and supporting elements. Plan movement routes. Supervise crew operator maintenance. Coordinates requirements for unit maintenance. Supervises camouflage of equipment. Evaluates work performance of subordinate crewmembers. Ensure collection and proper reporting of intelligence data to unit and responsible staff sections.Supervises operation of support platoon class III/V squads.

MOSC 19K4O. Perform duties as a tank PSG. Assist in planning, organization, direction, training, supervision, coordination, and reporting activities of tank platoon or staff section. Supervises platoon maintenance activities. Directs distribution of fire and assigns fields of fire. Collects, evaluates, and assists in interpretation and dissemination of combat information. Directs platoon tactical movement. Directs movement to contact, hasty attack, and defense at platoon level. Coordinates platoon resupply operations.
Supervise the employment of OPSEC measures. Coordinate the evacuation of casualties.

Other Requirements for Award of MOS 19K:

(1) Correctable vision of 20/20 in one eye and 20/100 in other eye.
(2) Normal color vision.
(3) A maximum height of 6 feet, 1 inch.
(4) Qualifying scores.
(a) A minimum score of 90 in aptitude area CO in Armed Services Vocational aptitude Battery (ASVAB) tests administered prior to 2 January 2002.
(b) A minimum score of 87 in aptitude area CO on ASVAB tests administered on and after 2 January 2002.
(5) Formal training (completion of MOS 19K course conducted under the auspices of U.S. Army Armor School) mandatory.
(6) Reclassification.
(a) Active Component. The highest grade an individual may be reclassified into MOS 19K is grade SGT. The one exception to this is a non-promotable MOS 19D Soldier may reclassify into MOS 19K. Soldiers reclassifying into MOS 19K must complete a mandatory MOS 19K course conducted under the auspices of the U.S. Army Armor School.
(b) Reserve Component (RC).
1. Skill level 1 and 2 Soldiers reclassifying into MOS 19K must complete the MOS 19K reclassification course (MOS-T), MOS 19K Advanced Individual Training or an approved transition course conducted under the auspices of the U.S. Army Armor School.
2. Skill level 3 and 4 NCOs must complete both the skill level 1 reclassification requirement and complete one of the following; the skill level 3 or 4 TATSC NCOES technical phases, or a proponent approved NCOES transition course.
3. Skill level 3 and 4 Soldiers will be awarded the appropriate MOS with a Y2 ASI upon completion of the MOS reclassification course. The Y2 identifier is removed upon completion of the appropriate NCOES resident technical phases or proponent approved NCOES transition course.

Additional Skill Identifiers for MOS 19K:

A8—Master Gunnery (M1/M1A1 Tank).
K4—M1A2 Tank Operations and Maintenance.
K8—Master Gunnery (M1A2 Tank).
P5—Master Fitness Trainer.
R4—Interim Brigade Combat Team Operations.
R8—Mobile Gun System Master Gunner.
1X—Green Belt in Lean Six Sigma (personnel only).
1Y—Black Belt in Lean Six Sigma (personnel only).
1Z—Master Black Belt in Lean Six Sigma (personnel only).
2A—Non-Lethal Weapons Trainer (personnel only).
2B—Air Assault (personnel only).
2S—Battle Staff Operations (skill level 3 and above).
4A—Reclassification Training.
5W—Jumpmaster (personnel only).
6T—Military Auditor (Reserve Component personnel only).
8P—Competitive Parachutist (skill level 2-4 personnel only).

Article Last Modified: May 10, 2011

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